If you are missing your teeth on your upper or lower arch, then you may have considered implant supported dentures. These dentures are often more secure than traditional dentures because they are essentially supported by the bone in your jaw, not your gums. However, you might be wondering what this type of denture consists of and how it can connect to the implants in your jaw. To understand more about what makes up this type of denture, it is important to first understand the two main types of this denture.
Types of implant supported dentures
The two main types of implant supported dentures are bar-retained and ball-retained dentures. Each of these dentures is made up of a base of acrylic plastic. This plastic is designed to mimic the natural gums. The teeth are created out of porcelain or acrylic and are attached to the base. Each of the two types of dentures must have at least two implants for support. A dentist will determine the right number of implants for each patient.
Bar-retained dentures have a metal bar that goes along the curve of the jaw. This is attached to two to five implants in the bone of the jaw. The bar will have clips on either the bar or the denture. The patient will then place the denture over this bar and clip it into place with the attachments.
A ball-retained denture is also known as a stud-attachment denture. Each implant in the bone of the jaw will have a metal attachment. This attachment will fit into another attachment that is on the patient’s denture. Most of the time, the attachment on the implant is shaped like a ball. It fits into a socket on the denture.
The dental implants
Before a patient can receive the denture, the implants must first be placed in the jaw. The implants are usually made out of titanium. Usually, the dentist will place these implants in the front of a patient’s jaw. There is usually more bone in the front of the mouth than in the back to support these implants. The front of the jaw also does not have structures such as nerves that can interfere with these implants.
For the lower jaw, patients can expect to spend about five months waiting for the bone to integrate with the implants. For the upper jaw, this process will take closer to seven months. This process can be extended for patients who might need bone grafting first. A second surgery may be needed later on to expose the implants after they have healed. This allows the dentist to place the attachments on the implants.
Visit a dentist today
There are two main types of implant supported dentures. These are ball-retained and bar-retained dentures. A dentist can help you determine which type of denture is right for you. Regardless of the type of denture you chose, the denture consists of porcelain teeth on an acrylic base.
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